Artist Statement

Outside - Inside Project


I have always had a deep aesthetic appreciation and curiosity about nature and about how we humans perceive and interact with it. From my earliest outdoor adventures in expansive natural settings of earth, sky, water and weather, to my love of the intimate details and organic forms within natural objects, I've appreciated the limitless variety of color, texture, shapes and sensory dimensions that nature offers. In stark contrast to the organic forms of nature, however, I live, work, and usually travel in confined, angular and often environmentally sealed structures whose primary purpose is to keep the outside out and the inside in. Houses, office buildings, and commercial spaces I visit are all designed to create an artificially comfortable but unchanging indoor environment, in defiance of the normal variations in temperature, lighting, weather and scenery that naturally occur outdoors.

Yet, I am restless and ill at ease when I spend too much time in these hermetically sealed spaces. Despite the ostensible comfort the indoors provides, I long for more contact with the raw elements of the outdoors. The orthogonal surfaces of walls, ceilings and floors that efficiently keep interior spaces protected from the perceived hazards of the outdoors only imprison and isolate me from a natural world. I can bring in reminders of natural elements — decorating my home with carefully crafted furnishings that boast polished surfaces of wood, natural stone, or imitations of other natural forms — but the tension remains between my appreciation of the comfort and even necessity of the indoors and my yearning to experience more of the outdoors.

It’s tension that I am not alone in feeling. Our culture has awakened to the psychological and physical hazards of isolating ourselves too much from the natural world. Evidence confirms that we feel better when we connect with the full spectrum of greens, blues, yellows and reds in nature. Science concludes that we live better when we experience organic cycles of heat and cold, light and dark, allowing us to maintain our ability to adapt to changing environments. Architects and designers now go to great lengths to bring the outdoors closer to the indoors, and to make indoor spaces feel more like outdoors.

I explore this conflict between the indoors and outdoors through my digital composites of indoor images with one or more outdoor scenes. I deliberately violate the distinction between indoors and outdoors and defy the ways that indoor elements form barriers that obscure our views and deny us access to the outdoors. In breaching these barriers, I can restore scenes of nature within and throughout interior spaces. I can reconnect the organic patterns of interior surfaces of wood or stone to the outdoor settings in which they were originally formed. I can reunite the sun with its patterns of light projected onto indoor objects. And, most of all, by visually dissolving the solidity of indoor barriers, I can lift the feeling of confinement and containment created by indoor spaces and offer a path through these artificial barriers back into the open spaces of nature.


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